Tour of India 1952-53 Captain: A H Kardar
First official Test tour
First official Test-playing tour of India by Pakistan
(October 1952 -
The seventh cricket-playing nation to play Test matches took the field on 16 October 1952 when the inaugural India-Pakistan match, official or unofficial, was played at Delhi. One month previously, Pakistan's touring party had crossed the Wagah frontier on the short road journey into India for its historic 11-week visit. The tour, arranged in July 1952, created tremendous interest and a close contest was anticipated. Pakistan had beaten the M.C.C. tourists the year before to win the right to play Test cricket, while India had just returned from a heavy defeat on their 1952 tour of England.
In the first tour match 17 year-old Hanif Mohammad showed how accomplished he already was by scoring a century in each innings. However, he and the Pakistan team were overawed by the occasion of their debut Test appearance at Delhi and lost the match by an innings. Then, on matting at Lucknow the team fought back spiritedly and, through Fazal Mahmood’s twelve wickets and Nazar Mohammad's unbeaten century, evened the series with Pakistan's first Test match win. Pakistan eventually lost the series 2-1 but winning the Lucknow Test by an innings, and having the best of the rain-interrupted game at Madras, boosted the team's confidence. A Test victory in the first series played was a source of great pride for the new nation.
Other Pakistan Tours
No Previous tour
Next tour of India
Members of the Test tour party (17)
Opening batsmen: Hanif Mohammad, Nazar Mohammad
Middle-order batsmen: Maqsood Ahmed, Abdul Hafeez Kardar, Waqar Hasan, Anwar Hussain, Rusi Dinshaw, Wazir Mohammad,
Wicketkeeper: Imtiaz Ahmed, Khurshid Ahmed Sheikh.
Slow bowlers: Amir Elahi, Khalid Quereshi, Zulfiqar Ahmed.
Fast bowlers: Fazal Mahmood, Israr Ali, Khan Mohammad, Mahmood Hussain
R N (Rusi) Dinshaw
A H Kardar
LHB SLA captain
RHB second WK
Average age of team at time of first Test match
(16 October 1952) : 25 yrs 8 months
KEY RHB right-handed batsman WK wicket-keeper OB off-break LBG Leg-break and googly. RFM Right-arm fast-medium LM Left-arm medium-paced bowler.
Test Appearances made before the tour
Kardar 3 for India, Amir Elahi 1 for India.
Mir Mohammad Hussain
Professor Mohammad Aslam
Adam Lal 'Adoo' Mohammad
Mr. Justice A R Cornelius (chairman), Daud Khan, Dilawar Hussain, Mohammad Hussain with A H Kardar (captain) co-opted.
Training camp : held at Lahore. Alf Gover or, failing him, George Headley had been asked to coach the players but neither was available. Raees Mohammad was among those not chosen from the trials
Unavailable : Munawwar Ali Khan (employment)
Tour party announced : on 15 September 1952. The Manager’s name was given out on 24 September.
Reserve : Syed Asghar Ali was named as a reserve, in case Waqar Hasan failed a fitness test.
Departure from Lahore was on 8 October 1952. The team crossed the border at Wagah and drove the 27 km to Amritsar. The captain A H Kardar travelled separately by car with Mr. Abdul Rehman, the deputy High Commissioner at Jullundur.
Only a few weeks after the team had crossed into India, the police on each side of the border were engaged in an exchange of gunfire.
It is likely that Kardar alone chose the teams.
After two Tests Khan Mohammad was unable to play (groin injury) but remained with the team in case he should recover fitness. When Khan was first injured, Kardar had asked for the experienced Asghar Ali as a replacement but the selectors in Lahore chose to send out 16 year-old Khalid Ibadulla.
Kardar is reported to have complained about being "sent out another baby". Nevertheless on 12 November Ibadulla left for Bombay. In protest at Asghar Ali's non-selection, a scroll with 5000 signatures was submitted to the Pakistan Board (B.C.C.P.) in Lahore. By coincidence Asghar also flew to Bombay on 12 November, but only to watch the Test match.
After the two matches in East Pakistan the tourists added two East Pakistanis to their squad for the unoffical tour of Burma : Mohsin Ahmed and D.Mohammad Islam.
INDIA First Test
LOST inns 70
INDIA Second Test
WON inns 43 r
INDIA Third Test
LOST 10 w
INDIA Fourth Test
INDIA Fifth Test
Mr. B.C.Roy’s XII
Won 10 w
Won 9 w
Burma Board XI
Won inns 102
Moosa Mahda’s XI
Won 142 r
Won 263 r
Health Minister’s XI
† indicates minor and limited-over matches
All other matches had first-class status.
Test appearances on tour
5 - Amir Elahi, Fazal Mahmood, Hanif Mohammad, Imtiaz Ahmed, A.H.Kardar, Maqsood Ahmed, Nazar Mohammad, Waqar Hasan.
4 - Anwar Hussain, Mahmood Hussain.
3 - Zulfiqar Ahmed.
2 - Israr Ali.
1 - Khan Mohammad, Wazir Mohammad .
0 - Rusi Dinshaw, Khalid Ibadulla, Khalid Quereshi, Khurshid Ahmed Sheikh.
• Nazar Mohammad’s 124 not out at Lucknow was the first instance of a century for Pakistan and of carrying the bat through an innings.
• Zulfiqar Ahmed (63) and Amir Elahi (47) added 104 for the last wicket partnership at Madras.
Other first-class matches
Return to Pakistan
Following the final Test tour fixture against East Zone, a 12-a-side match was played for a Calcutta charity. The match had to be postponed by one day to allow the opposition players to arrive. Afterwards the captain, manager and five players (Mahmood, Maqsood, Khan, Khurshid and Waqar) returned to West Pakistan, while the 11 players remaining in the tour party left Calcutta for Chittagong in East Pakistan on 27 December. Kardar then arrived back from West Pakistan on 31 December.
After two matches the team next flew from Dacca to Rangoon on 6 January, for a fortnight's cricket in Burma. A one-day farewell match arranged for Monday 19 January had to be cancelled.
On 21 January the Pakistan team flew from Rangoon to Calcutta and, in an Orient Airways Corvair, on to Karachi. There was a rousing welcome at Karachi’s Quaid-e-Azam Airport and the next day a celebratory reception.
Written accounts of the tour
" Inaugural Test Matches" by AH Kardar