Tour of West
Indies 1952-53 Captain: Vijay Hazare
India’s sixth official Test tour
official tour of West Indies by India
As soon as the home series against Pakistan was concluded, the Indians left for
their first-ever tour of the Caribbean.
Before the tour began, five of the
chosen team withdrew. Of these the greatest loss was Ghulam Ahmed and the
Indian Board kept his place open as they tried to persuade their most
talented off-spinner to change his mind. There seemed no rush over choosing a
substitute until a spate of injuries necessitated flying out reserve spinner
Ghorpade at short notice.
The Indians overcame their dismal
performances in England
less than a year before and were beaten just once in the five Tests despite West Indies’ all-round strength. Over-dependent, it seemed at first, on the
spin bowling pair of Gupte and Mankad,
batting and fielding shone: Umrigar and Roy were outstanding throughout and
in his final tour innings Manjrekar showed his rich promise with a fine
tour of West Indies
of the Test tour party (15 + 1)
Opening batsmen: : Madhav
Apte, Pankaj Roy.
Middle-order batsmen: Vijay Hazare, Datta Gaekwad, Chandrasekhar Gadkari, Deepak
Shodhan, Vijay Manjrekar, Polly Umrigar.
Maka, Nana Joshi
All-rounders: Vinoo Mankad, Gulabrai Ramchand
M L Apte
C V Gadkari
D K Gaekwad
S P Gupte
P G Joshi
N P Kannayiram
V L Manjrekar
V M H Mankad
RHB opener SLA
D G Phadkar
D H Shodhan
P R Umrigar
E: East (1), N: North (2), S: South (1), W: West (11).
Ba - Baroda
Bn - Bengal (1)
B - Bombay (6)
Gj - Gujarat (3)
Ms - Madras (1)
Most players did not have the opportunity to take part in the
1952-53 Ranji Trophy so their 1951-52 team is shown
Average age of team at time of first Test match
(21 January 1953) :
yrs 4 months.
Appearances made before the tour
Hazare 25, Mankad 25, Phadkar 18, Umrigar 15, Roy 12, Manjrekar 9, Ramchand 7, Gaekwad 3, Gupte 3, Joshi 3, Apte 2, Maka 1, Shodhan 1, Gadkari 0, Ghorpade 0, Kannayiram 0.
Homi N Contractor (chairman), M
Dutta Ray, Cota Ramaswamy and Vijay
S Hazare (captain).
selectors nominated Vijay Hazare as captain on 24 November and he was added
to the selection panel.
Tour Party Announced : 6 December 1952.
Withdrawls : Before the tour begun, five of the chosen team withdrew.
P Sen (Bn), whose place was
taken by Maka;
(Ms) broke his collar bone and was replaced by L Adiseth, the
burly doctor who was the mainstay of Mysore
he also withdrew;
G Kasturirangan (My) had a groin injury
and was replaced by Kannayiram;
(Hd) turned down the tour in order to get married on 26 December, three days
after the team flew from India.
It had originally been decided on 29
November to pick 16 players rather than 15. But after Ghulam Ahmed withdrew,
the Board postponed the issue of a 16th player, as they still hoped to
persuade Ghulam to tour.
Time between selection and departure from India
(6 - 23 December)
Bombay Q London
Southampton T Bridgetown
The team flew from Santa Cruz
to Heathrow Airport,
London, on 23 December and spent a few days in
Christmas. On 28 December they boarded
the ss 'Golfito' at Southampton
Docks, together with the West Indian players based in England.
On reaching Bridgetown
on 4 January after a stormy crossing, Worrell and Ramadhin disembarked and got
a much bigger welcome than the Indians. Next day the Indians sailed on to Port of Spain.
Time spent in West Indies
(4 January - 8 April)
Vijay Hazare(captain), Vinoo Mankad (vice-captain), Cota Ramaswamy (manager).
On 17 January the Indian Board of Control requested their
off-break bowler Ghulam Ahmed to fly out to the West
Indies and support Vinoo Mankad and Subhash Gupte as the chief
spinners. However, he declined to do so as his wedding had already been
postponed once because of a relative's illness. Instead uncapped leg-spinner Jayasingh Ghorpadeleft Bombay on 1
February 1953 and flew, via London and Montreal, to Bridgetown.
Datta Gaekwad injured his shoulder fielding in the second Test
match and Ebrahim Maka had two
bones in his left hand fractured while batting against fast bowler Frank King
in the third Test. Neither could play
again on the tour and were flown home from Port of Spain after the 3rd Test.
† San Fernando
Port of Spain
PORT OF SPAIN
WEST INDIES First Test
WEST INDIES Second Test
LOST 142 r
PORT OF SPAIN
WEST INDIES Third Test
British Guianan Indians
Won 43 r
WEST INDIES Fourth Test
Won 6 w
WEST INDIES Fifth Test
† not first-class
Time spent in West Indies before First Test:
(4 - 21 January)
appearances on tour
5 - Apte,
Gupte, Hazare, Mankad, Ramchand, Umrigar.
4 - Manjrekar,
3 - Gadkari,
2 - Gaekwad,
1 - Maka.
0 - Kannayiram.
• Subhash Gupte took fifty wickets on the tour, 27 of
them in the Test series.
• Mankad got through 345 overs in the Test
series (in 8 innings)
• Opener Apte finished with a tally of of 460 runs. His innings of 163* at Port
of Spain made him India’s
highest scorer in the Caribbean until
Umrigar in 1962.
scored centuries in the First and Fifth Tests and topped the batting averages
with 550 runs.
• Roy (150) and Manjrekar (118) made a 2nd
wicket stand of 237 runs to save the fifth Test.
Other first-class matches
ϯ Minor matches
Port Antonio T Tilbury
Gaekwad and Maka flew home early because of injury.
A farewell dinner, given by the Jamaican Cricket Board of Control
on Saturday 4 April at the Myrtle Bank Hotel in Kingston, brought the tour to a close.
Roy and Shodhan flew from Kingston
on 7 April, via Miami and New
York, to England
for a holiday.
The remainder of the team sailed on the ss 'Cavina' from Port Antonio, Jamaica, on 8 April.
Ghorpade had given Hazare who suffered badly from seasickness his
return plane ticket and the skipper flew with the professional players
(Mankad, Phadkar, Ramchand and Umrigar) to London
on 8 April; after three days there, Hazare flew on to India.
Time away from India
x days (23 December to date arrived in India)
"As a satisfactory
profit was forthcoming, the decision of India to undertake the tour,
which at one time looked like being cancelled, was justified" Wisden
accounts of the tour
Ramchand’s account of the
tour is at www.espncricinfo.com/wivind/content/story/244926.html